Observing with Street Lights

Observing with Street Lights
Dark sky sites not always necessary to see the Milky Way (This image was taken ouside of a B&B in Julian, CA)

Thursday, November 17, 2016

More super moon apparent size discussion; Previous photo of plane in the moon; Wondering about the rate of supernovas in the galaxy and mixing of new elements

Greetings from Palmia Observatory (offsite somewhere near the Straits of Massini and volcano on Stromboli)

Well did everyone enjoy the super moon?  I only heard from two amateurs, one who was interested in confirming how much larger the moon would appear to be and one who attempted to get a photo of the super moon.  So let's take a look at
what happend.

Accordian player and Amateur, Mike, asked about the 14% size increase that was expected to be seen for the super moon and we wondered where the 14% number came from.  Since the moon does not actually change in physical size during its orbit, how do we explain the apparent size increase?  To me, it is caused by the elliptical orbit of the moon, which causes the distance to the moon to vary between a nominal 360,000 km at the closest and nominal 406,000 km at its farthest nominal distance.  When a full moon happens at the same time as the orbit is closest to the Earth, the moon will appear to be bigger, and the increase will vary inversely with the distance.  So the maximum apparent size increase should be 406000/360000 = 1.13.  (Note:  An earlier version of this post had the distances to the moon 1000 time less.  The ratio was not affected, but the distances were in error.  Thanks to Science Squad and Gravity Guy, Ken, for noticing this error.  Thanks Ken!)  So the 14% number seems to agree with this back of the envelope calculation and I suppose if one were to use more exact distance values, rather than just nominal values, the exact size increase could be calculated.  Anyway, thanks for the comment, Mike, which was a great excuse to break out the calculator and do some calculation..

Also, I got a photo taken by Retired BLMer and now Winemaker and Professional Gambler (and also big sister), Ilene.  She reported that whe just put here cellphone camera near one of the binocular lenses while sighting through the other lens and snapped the shutter.  Hey, that is a pretty good photo. Thanks, Ilene.

Cellphone camera image taken through one of the binocular lenses
 (Source: Retired BLMer and now Winemaker and Professional Gambler, Ilene)
Several months back, we had received a similar photo of Saturn, taken by Retired Legacy Coder, Now studying Physics Fulltime, Larry, who just put his cell phone camera next to the telescope eyepiece.  We can see that the amateur astronomer does not need a big expensive camera to get started in astrophotography.

The super moon and astronomy was also one of the topics with several different groups of dinner companions.  Retired Zoologist, Dr Jack and Nancy were interested in the super moon.  Nice to be with you folks!  Of course, I had to ask if folks had seen the man in the moon and even the plane in the moon.  Ok, ok, we know its not in the moon, but the image is real and took me several nights and several attempts, months apart, to get the air traffic pattern to overlay with the moon position..

Finally captured image with plane in front of moon (Source: Palmia Observatory)
Didn't see the man in the moon but did find the plane in the moon
(Source:  Palmia Observatory image reported in blog post of October 29, 2015)
Separately, we had a nice dinner conversation with The A-Team from England, Allen and Anne.  Allen, who claimed just to be a lay reader in astronomy and cosmology, was quite up to date in some of the controversial claims made in cosmology.  He wondered why inflation is described so widely in the popular press as the final answer, while at the same time there is not a shred of evidence as to how inflation started or ended.  Yes, I agree completely, in fact this is one of the main points made by Sir Roger Penrose in his latest book.  We also were wondering how well the elements, produced in  supernovae explosions, are mixed, so that measurements of elemental abundances made in our part of the galaxy are representative of locations in other parts of the Milky Way.

In thinking about that, I found that although the number of supernovae explosions are considered to occur about once per century.  So, over just a million year period, one would expect about 10,000 supernovas and for a typical galaxy, maybe 100,000 light years in diameter, each of those supernovae, located in various locations, could effectively spread elements and debris throughout the galaxy.

Thanks for the good discussion, Allen and Anne!

Well, its about time for other shipboard fun activity so that is about it for now.

Until next time,
Resident Astronomer George

There are over 200 postings of similar topics on this blog
If you are interested in things astronomical or in astrophysics and cosmology
Check out this blog at www.palmiaobservatory.com

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